Remembering Bharat Ratna farmer messiah Chaudhary Charan Singh

Ananya Shroff
7 Min Read

It is no less than a surprise that a leader who fought for the farmers despite the lack of adequate mass media in the early decades of the country's independence was recognized as a farmer messiah at the all-India level. In such a situation, Chaudhary Charan Singh is recognized as an amazing leader of that era for the contemporary generation. Even today, the name of Chaudhary Saheb easily comes to the tongue of people as a leader fighting for the rights and interests of farmers in remote rural areas. His farmer-friendly personality had such an impact that the current Government of India had to express its gratitude to that great stream by honoring Chaudhary Charan Singh with Bharat Ratna in the election year. Chaudhary Charan Singh remained dedicated to the interests of farmers throughout his life.

For the first time in the history of democratic India, he talked about fifty percent reservation for farmers and villagers in administrative services.
Speaking from the ramparts of the fort, he kept raising issues of agriculture and employment of youth. On one hand, he freed himself from political corruption
On the other hand, he maintained special rules of discipline to ensure that the piety and prestige of those associated with him remained strong.
It was the effect of his personality that no person doing wrong and injustice in politics could come close to him. He reached the top position in the country
During his journey, he remained completely free from passion and hatred and devoted his entire daily life to improving the lives of the deprived people of the society. A perspective to read and understand the works of Choudhary sahab

It is said that while being in politics, one can work for the welfare of the common people with complete honesty by staying away from the glamour. It was only after winning the election from Baghpat-Ghaziabad region for the first time in 1937 that he made the 'Land Use Bill' and requested the government to give special consideration, as a result of which the leading leaders of the Kisan Andolan gave him special importance. Prof. NG Ranga of the Kisan Andolan had included Charan Singh's suggestions in the 'Mandi Committee Act'. In 1950, under the efforts and guidance of Chaudhary Saheb, the Zamindari Abolition Bill was made in the government of UP Chief Minister Sampurnanand, which came into force on 1 July 1952.

Similarly, in 1964, as the Agriculture Minister in Sucheta Kriplani's government, he started efforts to connect farmers with modern technology through the establishment of 'Krishi Samaj'. Taking this forward, after becoming the Chief Minister, he took care of the interests of the farmers by strengthening the 'Consolidation of Land Law'. His popularity at that time can be gauged by knowing the crowd of the historic rally of farmers organized on 23 December 1977 in protest against his removal from the cabinet by the Central Government. In 1977, while discussing the report prepared for the betterment of the Indian economy and farmer policy in the first meeting of the Janata Party, he proposed to spend 40 percent of the budget for small and cottage industries on agriculture and 50 percent on the development of villages. This side of his shows his serious connection with villages and farmers. To ensure adequate availability of funds for farmer development schemes, he formed NABARD during his tenure as Prime Minister, the success of which is undisputed even today.

While discussing the topic “India of my dreams”, he expressed his views on five points that everyone's basic needs should be fulfilled, amenities should be provided.
not things. Second, everyone should get employment, third, the gap between the rich and the poor should reduce. Fourth, every person should be honest, that means the country
There should be no corruption and every person should have the freedom to earn his livelihood and perform his duty honestly.

There should be a dream of taking the country to the heights of progress and also that there should be no discrimination of high and low in India. Along with this, Chaudhary sahab presented a solid economic policy model which can suggest a way to remove the poverty and misery of the country. Chaudhary Charan Singh of the Gandhian tradition remained completely away from the greed for personal wealth in his public life. Chaudhary sahab's favorite disciples, two young student leaders Satpal Malik and Rajendra Chaudhary, who entered the politics of Uttar Pradesh in 1974 as former Governor and former Cabinet Minister respectively, are still keeping that ideology alive as a light point of that stream. The way the issues of farmers and their intervention have emerged as a pressure group in the last few years, Akhilesh Yadav, the bearer of the socialist thought tradition, has kept it at the center of politics on the basis of Chaudhary sahab's policies. Today politics is getting entangled in the web of business, thoughtlessness and power greed.

In such a situation, the memory of Chaudhary Charan Singh appears like a ray of light in the derailed politics, by following the path shown by him, prosperity and harmony can be established in the society. The true tribute to Chaudhary sahab on his death anniversary would be to discuss his farmer-oriented image among the general public and find a fundamental and simple solution to the basic problems of the farmers.

Manendra Mishra 'Torch'
Former Guest Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, Allahabad Central University
Mo. 7905295722

Disclaimer: The views expressed above are the author's own.

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