Lok Sabha Elections 2024: Urban voters in big cities will decide the future of parties, understand from the data.

Ronit Kawale
Ronit Kawale - Senior Editor
5 Min Read

New Delhi: Five phases of the Lok Sabha elections have been completed. With the completion of the remaining two phases on 25 May and 1 June, we are waiting for June 4, when the picture will become crystal clear. Amidst all this, one thing that is surprising is the decreasing voting percentage. Data released by the Election Commission shows that in 2024, voting in many urban constituencies was less than the 2019 figures. Two days before the elections in Delhi, data from Mumbai, Jaipur, Lucknow, Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Gandhinagar, Jhansi, Howrah, Madurai and Jabalpur have shown the trend.Voting percentage decreased in urban areas
Mumbai North saw 57.02% polling against 60.09% in 2019, Mumbai North Central saw 51.98% polling against 53.68% in 2019 and Mumbai South Central saw 53.60% polling against 55.4% in 2019. Lucknow saw 52.28% polling on May 13, 2.5% less than the 2019 figure. Even in West Bengal, which saw higher voter turnout, Howrah saw 71.73% polling against 74.83% in 2019. Jhansi had 63.86% and 67.68% respectively. Voting has been less in the fourth phase. Only 61.67% people voted in Indore, down from 69.33% in 2019. Voting was also low in Ujjain, 73.8% people voted, while 75.4% people voted in 2019. In Guwahati, which went to polls in the third phase, 78.39% voting took place, but this is also less than 80.87% in 2019.

Voting was low even in Amit Shah's Lok Sabha constituency
Voting has also decreased in Gandhinagar, the constituency of Home Minister Amit Shah. This time 59.8% people voted, whereas in 2019 this figure was 66.08%. There was also less voting in Ahmedabad East, this time 54.72% people voted, whereas in 2019 61.76% people voted. The same situation was in Ahmedabad West, this time 55.45% people voted, whereas in 2019 60.8% people voted. Voting has also decreased in cities like Jamnagar, Rajkot and Vadodara. Voting has also decreased in Agra, this time 54.08% people voted, whereas in 2019 59.12% people voted.

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Voter turnout in cities and percentage

Area 2019 2024
Chennai Central 58.98 53.96
Lucknow 54.78 52.28
Gandhinagar 66.08 59.80
Mumbai North 60.09 57.02
Jaipur 68.48 63.38
Thiruvananthapuram 73.74 66.47
Guwahati 80.87 78.39
Jabalpur 69.46 61.00
Mathura 61.08 49.41

What was the situation in the south? MP, Bihar and Rajasthan are no less.
Voting has decreased in Chennai Central, Chennai North and Chennai South. In these areas, 4 to 5 percent less votes were cast as compared to 2019. Voting has also decreased in Madurai, this time 62.04% people voted while in 2019 this figure was 66.09%. Voting has also decreased in Thiruvananthapuram, where there was a high-profile contest between Shashi Tharoor and Rajiv Chandrashekhar. This time 66.47% people voted while in 2019 this figure was 73.74%.

Talking about Jaipur and other cities of Rajasthan, voting has decreased in Jaipur too, this time 63.38% people voted while in 2019 this figure was 68.48%. Fewer people also came to vote in Jodhpur and Udaipur. If we talk about Jabalpur, Gaya, Rampur and Moradabad, voting in Jabalpur decreased from 69.46% to 61%. Voting has also decreased in Gaya, this time 52.76% people voted while in 2019 this figure was 56.18%. Voting in Rampur decreased from 63.19% to 55.85% and Moradabad also recorded a decline of 3 percent. Voting was also reduced by 5 to 7 percent in Noida, Ghaziabad and Meerut.

Voting percentage increased in these cities
The Election Commission of India held a meeting on May 3 to urge states to take new steps to attract voters, but the summer heat of 2024 remains a big factor. For several decades, general elections have been held in favourable weather, a trend that changed in 1991 due to mid-term elections. Elections moved back to winter in 1999, but reverted to summer in 2004. Some cities also bucked the trend. Voting in Hyderabad increased by about four per cent compared to 2019. Its twin cities Secunderabad and Warangal also recorded a 3-5 percentage point increase in polling. Similarly, Pune recorded 53.54% polling as against 49.8% in 2019. Gwalior recorded a marginal improvement. Bengaluru remained steady at around 54% for both elections.

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