If by mistake there is deficiency of this nutrient during pregnancy then the brain of the child can become weak.

Ronit Kawale
Ronit Kawale - Senior Editor
3 Min Read

During pregnancy, women need to pay maximum attention to their eating habits, because during that time your eating habits also affect the baby in your womb. During the 9 months of pregnancy, all the nutrition of the child depends on the mother, hence it becomes more important for pregnant women to have a balanced diet than before.

Iodine is also included in a balanced diet because if there is iodine deficiency during pregnancy, it directly affects the child growing in the womb. Today through this article we are telling you what effects or harm can occur due to iodine deficiency during pregnancy.

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Why is iodine important during pregnancy?

World Health Organization According to this, iodine is essential for the production of thyroid hormones in the mother and fetus. Thyroid hormone regulates fetal development and the nervous system. Women's need for iodine increases during pregnancy. ncbi According to iodine deficiency, there is a risk of perinatal and infant death. There may be disturbances in the intellectual development of the child which is a severe form of cretinism.

what is cretinism

Lack of iodine in the diet during pregnancy can lead to cretinism. Cretinism and hypothyroidism can cause poor growth and mental impairment and stunted growth in the baby. Iodine deficiency can also increase the risk of miscarriage and stillbirth.

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neonatal hypothyroidism

neonatal hypothyroidism

Iodine deficiency during pregnancy can lead to neonatal hypothyroidism, also known as congenital hypothyroidism, which is caused by inadequate production of the thyroid in newborns.

What is the benefit of taking iodine?

What is the benefit of taking iodine?

Taking iodine supplements early in pregnancy prevents cretinism, increases fetal weight, and reduces the risk of maternal and child mortality. ncbi Iodine levels in the body can drop due to lack of iodine in food or supplements. For people who are already iodine deficient, eating iodine-rich foods like cassava or cabbage can worsen the iodine deficiency.

Can iodine deficiency cause miscarriage?

Can iodine deficiency cause miscarriage?

Miscarriage is very common and miscarriage can happen for many reasons during pregnancy. Hypothyroidism can occur due to lack of iodine in the body. Women who have low thyroid hormones during pregnancy have a higher risk of miscarriage. At the beginning of every pregnancy, there is a 3 to 5% chance that the baby will have birth defects. This is called the background risk. Low iodine levels during pregnancy are more likely to cause birth defects than background risk.

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