Explanation: H5N1 is 60 percent more deadly and fatal than normal flu, adept at changing its form, will it become the next pandemic?

Ronit Kawale
Ronit Kawale - Senior Editor
7 Min Read

New Delhi: It was July 2009, a strange disease spread in pig farms in New South Wales, Australia, which engulfed pigs all over Australia. Investigation revealed that these pigs were infected with H1N1 i.e. influenza. Actually, this infection spread from humans to pigs. Then it was named H1N1/09. Pigs used to cough a lot and their appetite ended. There were also some female pigs who were unable to produce milk for their children. Today for the first time it seems that this virus is spreading from human to human. Let us understand how dangerous it is.

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Three pandemics in the 20th century killed 53 million people.

According to a report published on cdnsciencepub.com, the Influenza A virus caused three pandemics in the 20th century. One of these pandemics spread in 1918, for which H1N1 was responsible. It was so deadly that 5 crore people lost their lives worldwide due to it. After this, in 1957, 20 lakh people died due to Influenza A (H2N2), in 1968, 10 lakh people died due to Influenza A (H3N2). After this, influenza could not become a pandemic.
First case of 'bird flu' infection in humans, a child got infected while living in India

After 40 years it returned in a new form and became an epidemic

Then after a long time, Influenza A (H1N1) returned in 2009. Then the World Health Organization (WHO) declared it a pandemic for the whole world. At that time, 2.5 lakh cases were reported worldwide, out of which 2,832 people died. Now in the 21st century, the biggest threat is knocking in the form of H5N1, because it is an infection that spreads from human to human. In 1997, for the first time, the avian influenza virus spread to humans, killing 6 people.

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First case of human-to-human bird flu detected in Australia

Recently, the first case of 'bird flu' infection in humans was reported in Australia. This infection was found in a child while living in India a few weeks ago. The child is now healthy. In fact, the infection was confirmed in a child in Victoria, which is the first case of bird flu in Australia. The child was infected with H5N1 flu while living in India and fell ill in the month of March this year.

What is bird flu, where does it spread from?

Avian influenza virus is also known as bird flu. This virus spreads from one bird to another and proves fatal for most birds. A person can get bird flu if he comes in contact with spit (saliva), water droplets or poop (feces) of an animal or bird infected with bird flu. The virus can also enter the body through breathing in small dust particles present in the animal's habitat or if a person touches his eyes, nose or mouth after touching the body fluids of an infected animal.


How dangerous is this influenza virus?

According to WHO, although human-to-human transmission of the H5N1 influenza virus occurs on a limited scale, it is 60 percent more lethal and deadly than H1N1. This virus can spread easily among humans. Therefore, it can be considered more dangerous.

Where did this dangerous virus come from?

According to Ravikant Chaturvedi, a doctor of internal medicine in Ranchi, all types of influenza originate from water sources. Especially from ponds and rivers. However, birds swimming in water do not get sick from this virus. It has such a tremendous ability to change that it can spread anywhere at any time. It can spread to humans, pigs, horses and dogs. It is also called human, swine, equine and canine influenza virus.

bird flu

H5N1 first attacked China

H5N1 first started spreading rapidly in China in 1996. The virus started spreading from wild birds to domestic birds and from there it started infecting humans in 1997. The first case was found in Hong Kong.

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After Corona, now the threat of H5N1 is looming over the world

According to Dr. Ravikant Chaturvedi, H5N1 is being considered as a major epidemic in the coming times after the corona epidemic. This disease can prove to be 100 times more deadly than corona. It is being said that it can be even more devastating than the Covid-19 crisis. The H5N1 strain can pose a particularly serious threat in this epidemic.


H5N1 virus is expert in changing its form, that is why it is more dangerous.

These symptoms infect the respiratory system

The flu is a common respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. Symptoms often include fever, headache and body aches, cough, and a blocked or runny nose. It can be dangerous for pregnant women and people with underlying health conditions.

Bird flu can be prevented by taking these measures

Symptoms of bird flu in humans appear in the first 4 days. Its symptoms also disappear in seven days. For this, one should drink plenty of water. Eat well. Keep your hands clean and wash them regularly. Take a steam bath once in between. Make sure to eat food rich in vitamin D.

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