Women voters increased, but not MPs… What does the data say about the M factor of elections

Ananya Shroff
4 Min Read

New Delhi: This time there was an increase in women voters, but the number of women in Parliament has decreased. The results of the 18th Lok Sabha elections that came on Tuesday clearly show that this time fewer women MPs will sit as compared to the last Lok Sabha. Last time 78 percent women were elected to the Lok Sabha, whereas this time only 74 women have been elected to the Lok Sabha. It is important to mention Mamata Banerjee here because out of her 29 MPs, 11 women MPs have won. TMC is one of those parties which has been at the top of the list of representation of women MPs even earlier. Even in the year 2019, among the parties which had more than 10 percent Lok Sabha MPs, 42 percent of BJD MPs and 39 percent of TMC MPs were women.

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Which party has more women MPs?

In the ticket distribution, TMC gave tickets to controversial MP Mahua Moitra from Jadavpur, actress and first timer in electoral politics Sayani Ghosh from Krishnanagar and June Malia from Medinipur. Apart from this, it also showed faith in Mala Roy, who is experienced in politics, which proved to be right. However, from UP, which sent 11 women MPs last time, only eight women have been able to reach the lower house this time, out of which 5 are from Samajwadi Party. According to the data of the Election Commission, this time 30 women candidates of BJP have won. 11 women MPs of TMC, 14 of Congress, 5 of Samajwadi Party and 3 of DMK have reached the Parliament.

Muslim representation is also continuously decreasing

The election results show that this time 24 Muslim candidates have won, although this is slightly less than the figure of 26 last time. In the year 2014, this figure was 24. This time only 78 Muslim candidates were in the fray, whereas last time 115 Muslim candidates got tickets in the election. If we look at the ticket distribution this time, BSP has fielded the maximum number of 35 candidates. After this, Congress with 19 candidates and TMC with 19 candidates are at third place. However, after the results came, this strategy was backtracked and it was said that even after giving the right number of tickets, the Muslim community could not understand BSP, so from now on the party will give tickets thoughtfully.

What was the attitude of Muslim voters?

As far as UP is concerned, this time all 4 candidates of Samajwadi Party won, while none of the 20 candidates of BSP won. According to an analysis, Hindu voters united due to Hindutva policies after 2014 and this trend continued. In 2019, more than 40 percent of Hindu voters voted for BJP, while the secular vote of Muslim voters got divided in many places. However, this time this pattern changed and the results show that there was no division in the votes of the community this time.

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