Forget about the day, we are not getting peace even at night. Why is it so hot in the entire country including Delhi?

Ananya Shroff
7 Min Read

New Delhi: There is severe heat in the capital Delhi these days. The temperature is likely to go up to 46 degrees Celsius. Usually the night temperature remains low, but this time 29.2 degrees Celsius heat was recorded at night, which is 2.6 degrees more than normal. The humidity in the air is also not high and at 8:30 am it was 48 percent. The Meteorological Department has warned of clear skies and strong winds in the coming days, which may increase the heat further.

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The next three days will be full of troubles for the people of Delhi.
According to the Meteorological Department, there is a possibility of severe heat in Delhi-NCR for the next 3 days. During this time, the day temperature can reach 48 degrees. Along with the day, the temperature can reach 31 degrees at night. This whole week, the maximum temperature of Delhi is likely to remain between 43 to 46 degrees Celsius and the minimum temperature is expected to be between 29 to 31 degrees Celsius. However, Delhiites may get some relief from May 31. According to IMD, there is a possibility of light rain in Delhi on May 31 and June 1.

Why is it so hot here?
Actually, this heat is spread across North and Central India. In Phalodi, Rajasthan, the temperature reached 50 degrees Celsius on Sunday. This is the highest temperature recorded in India since June 2019, when Churu city of Rajasthan experienced 50.8 degrees Celsius heat. North India including Delhi-NCR is already experiencing heat, this time the temperature is also high in the mountains. Heat wave like conditions prevail in the hilly areas of Himachal Pradesh, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Even during the recent elections, people in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Delhi had to endure severe heat. Many polling stations did not have basic facilities like water, fans and chairs, due to which some people fell ill.

This is also a reason for the mercury to rise
Due to more and more construction on land and surface, urban areas like Delhi-NCR become chambers of hot air. This increases the heat further. Hot air gets trapped in the lower atmosphere around cities, which increases the temperature there significantly. In such a situation, to reduce the heat, it is important to plant trees on the ground so that they can absorb the sun's rays and reduce the heat.

Heat records broken in many cities
The heat has broken old records in many cities. It is not normal for the temperature to reach 40.5 degrees Celsius in Cooch Behar in West Bengal, 40 degrees in Silchar in Assam and 40.5 degrees Celsius in Itanagar in Arunachal Pradesh. At least 17 places in Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh recorded temperatures of 45 degrees Celsius or more.

Worst condition in Rajasthan
The worst situation is in Rajasthan, where the temperature has reached 50 degrees. Barmer recorded 48.8 degrees, Jaisalmer 48 degrees and Bikaner 47.2 degrees Celsius. By the end of May, Delhi, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra are likely to face severe heat. Not only this, there is a possibility of heat wave in the hilly areas of Himachal Pradesh, Assam and Meghalaya.

Haryana and Punjab are also in the grip of severe heat, where the temperature has gone much above normal. Mahendragarh in Haryana recorded a temperature of 47 degrees Celsius, Rohtak 46.7 degrees and Hisar 46 degrees Celsius. Similarly, Amritsar in Punjab recorded a temperature of 45.2 degrees Celsius and Ludhiana 44.8 degrees Celsius. Chandigarh, the common capital of both the states, also experienced heat of 44.5 degrees Celsius. The heat is expected to continue in these areas till May 29.

Red alert issued in many areas

The Meteorological Department has issued a 'red' alert for many areas including Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, Western Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat. This means that people of all ages in these areas are at high risk of heat stroke and heat stroke. The Meteorological Department has also said that the nights will be hot in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan in the next four days, due to which the effect of heat will increase even more. Feeling too hot at night is especially dangerous, because it does not reduce the body temperature. This problem becomes even more serious in cities, because due to the concrete jungle, the temperature there increases much more than the surrounding rural areas.

There is also an impact on power supply
The scorching heat in India is also putting pressure on power supply and drying up water sources, leading to drought-like conditions in many areas. The Central Water Commission has said that last week the water stock in 150 major reservoirs fell to the lowest in five years, causing water shortages and affecting power generation. The water level of the Yamuna river in Delhi has decreased, affecting water supply. Power demand in the city has reached a record 8,000 megawatts as people are running air conditioners and coolers to escape the scorching heat.

The extreme heat is affecting the poor the most, as they do not have electricity to run fans or coolers in their homes and there is also a shortage of drinking water. Due to lack of facilities to vent hot air and lack of proper houses, the heat in the living places of the poor increases even more. People working outside, the elderly and children are at greater risk of heat stroke and sunstroke.

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