Why did Ambedkar say- I will not die as a Hindu, know the whole story of Hindu-Hindutva

Ananya Shroff
11 Min Read
Why did Ambedkar say- I will not die as a Hindu, know the whole story of Hindu-Hindutva

New Delhi: Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha Rahul Gandhi, while showing the picture of Lord Shankar in Parliament, said that Modi ji said in his speech one day that India has never attacked anyone. The reason for this is that India is a country of non-violence. It is not afraid. He said, our great men gave this message – do not be afraid, do not scare. Shivaji says – do not be afraid, do not scare and buries the trident in the ground. On the other hand, those who call themselves Hindus keep doing violence-violence-violence 24 hours a day… hate-hate-hate… You are not a Hindu at all. It is clearly written in Hinduism that one should support the truth. The country's politics has once again heated up on this statement of Rahul. Let us know what is the meaning of Hindu and Hindutva and what the great men have said about this. Also, let us know the story of where this word came into use.

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Modi said, it is a serious matter to call the entire Hindu society violent

Members of the ruling party started creating a ruckus over Rahul Gandhi's statement. After this, Prime Minister Narendra Modi stood up and said that this issue is very serious. Calling the entire Hindu society violent is a serious issue. Politics has heated up on this issue.

Hinduism is 5000 years old

Historian Dr. Daanpal Singh says that it is not known exactly when the word Hindutva came into use, but according to historical evidence, it has existed since 5000 years ago. Today Hinduism is present all over the world, out of which about 90 percent of the Hindu population lives in India. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world after Christianity and Islam. It is believed that Indo Aryan and Indo European languages ​​have evolved from Sanskrit. Evidence of Hinduism can also be seen in the clay idols of Shiva in the Indus Valley Civilization i.e. Harappan Civilization. Later, evidence of the existence of Hindu and Hinduism is also found in the Vedic texts.

There were two such occasions in the House when PM Modi stood up from his seat and made a big statement while taking a dig at Rahul

Know where the word Hindu came into use

Delhi University professor Rajeev Ranjan Giri says that the word Hindu was named after a river flowing in North India. This river was the Indus River. The word Hindu or Hindutva is not an Indian word. When Persians came to India, since there is no 'S' letter in their language, they started calling the Indus River Hindu and started calling India the country of Hindus. When this word was invented, India was going through a period of about 3000 years ago. According to Britannica.com, the word Hindu is a gift of the Greeks and Persians. Later in the 16th century, Indians started calling themselves Hindus to differentiate themselves from the Mughals and Turks. This word became the identity of Indians for freedom from colonial slavery during British rule.

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Hinduism was mentioned for the first time in a Chinese book

There is a book from China – Record of the Western Regions. It is called Datang Xiuji or Da Tang Xiuji in China. Actually, this book is written by Chinese traveler and Buddhist monk Huen Tsang who came to India in the seventh century during the reign of Emperor Harshvardhan and lived in India for 19 years. He has described Hinduism as the religious faith of Indians.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy talked about Hinduism

According to Dr. Daanpal, the revolutionary hero Raja Ram Mohan Roy, who abolished the practice of Sati in India, introduced the term Hindutva. It is believed that he wrote about Hindutva for the first time in 1816-17. In 1830, Hindutva was used against the British colony and the British. Since then, the trend of Sanatan Hindutva and calling oneself a Hindu started rapidly.

When Gandhi said… then I will leave Hinduism

Mahatma Gandhi has also explained Hinduism. He had said- If I am asked to explain Hinduism, I will say this – the search for truth through non-violent means. A person can call himself a Hindu even if he does not believe in God. Hinduism is another name for the tireless search for truth. On 20 October 1927, Mahatma Gandhi wrote an article titled “Why I am a Hindu” in 'Young India'. In this, he said that I was born in a Hindu family, so I am a Hindu. If I feel that it is against my moral sense or spiritual development, then I will leave it.

Subhash Chandra Bose said- Hinduism is the reason for the unity of India

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose wrote in his book Indian Struggle- India's history should be counted not in decades or centuries, but in thousands of years. Geographically, ethnically and historically, India represents endless diversity to any observer. Behind this diversity lies a fundamental unity. The most important strengthening factor has been Hinduism.

When Nehru said that I am a Hindu by birth

Jawaharlal Nehru said in his presidential address at the Lahore Congress in 1929 that I am a Hindu by birth, but I do not know how proper it is to call myself a Hindu or to speak on behalf of Hindus. Nehru was a rationalist who knew very well that human values ​​are superior to religious dogma.
His clashes with many over his religious stance show that he was totally against any kind of rituals, religious superstitions and unscientific spiritual approach to life. His secular credentials were based on his rational humanist approach to life and that life is more important than life after death.

When Ambedkar said- I will not die as a Hindu

On 13 October 1935, BR Ambedkar addressed a gathering at Yeola, a small town in Nasik, Maharashtra, and declared, I will not die as a man calling myself a Hindu! He told his supporters that I am going to renounce Hinduism. Ambedkar said, I like the religion that teaches liberty, equality and fraternity, because three things are required for the development of a person which are compassion, equality and liberty. Religion is for man, not man for religion. According to him, Hinduism lacked these three because of the caste system. Ambedkar later embraced Buddhism along with 3.65 lakh supporters.

The term Hindutva in Bankim Chandra's Anandamath

The term Hindutva was first mentioned in Bankim Chandra Chatterjee's novel Anandamath in the mid-1870s. It was then used by Chandranath Basu in Bengal in 1892. It was later adopted by Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. It was then used to launch a movement against British rule and to raise awareness among the people.

When the Supreme Court explained the meaning of Hindutva

In 1966, in the case of Shastri Yagnapurush Dasji vs Others (1966(3) SCR 242), the Supreme Court considered whether it is right to call Hinduism a religion in the true sense? Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Gajendra Gadkar said in his judgment- When we think of Hinduism, we experience difficulty in defining Hinduism.
Unlike other religions of the world, Hinduism does not worship any one God, does not follow any one faith, does not believe in any one philosophical ideology. It does not believe in any one kind of religious worship or ritual. In a broad sense, it can be considered only a way of life and nothing else.
Similarly, in the case of Ramesh Yashwant Prabhu vs Prabhakar Kunte (AIR 1996 SC 1113), the Supreme Court had said – Hindu and Hindutva cannot be defined in a narrow sense and cannot be limited to any narrow religious boundary. It cannot be separated from Indian culture and tradition. This shows that the word Hindutva is related to the lifestyle of the people of this subcontinent.

What is Hinduism in the world dictionary?

According to the international dictionary Webster, Hinduism is a complex combination of social, cultural and religious beliefs and ideas. It developed in the Indian subcontinent. It believes in humanity. It is an idea that accepts all kinds of beliefs and believes and believes in Dharma, Karma, Ahimsa, Sanskar and Moksha. It is the path of knowledge, the path of love, which believes in reincarnation. It is a way of life. English writer Kerry Brown has said in her famous book 'The Essential Teachings of Hinduism' that the culture which we know today as Hindu culture and which Indians call Sanatan Dharma or eternal law, is a bigger principle than the religion which people of the West understand. Whether one believes in any God or not, he is still a Hindu. It is a way of life and a state of mind.

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