When terrorists came to Jammu, PM Modi gave the mantra of 1990, know what is this security pattern?

Ananya Shroff
8 Min Read

New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi has instructed the officials to show full strictness to deal with the changed strategy of terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir. He said that the anti-terrorism system should be deployed to its full capacity to deal with the terrorists. Under the new strategy, the terrorists have changed their bloody playground from Kashmir to Jammu. Prime Minister Modi said that this intention of the terrorists should not be allowed to be fulfilled under any circumstances. He gave clear instructions in the high-level meeting that no matter how much force has to be used, we should not stop until these terrorists are wiped out. Many senior officials including National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval were present in this meeting.

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Know what is the security pattern of 1990s

After this directive of the Prime Minister, it became clear that the deployment of security forces in Jammu and Kashmir is going to be like the 1990s. Pakistan's intelligence agency ISI has been successful in sending an army of 40-50 terrorists across the border. These terrorists are hiding in the hilly areas of Jammu where road connectivity and communication facilities are not like the flat valley, due to which it takes more time for the security forces to take action on receiving news of terrorists. Therefore, there is a need to change the security strategy. Under this, there is a need to repeat the pattern on which the military forces were deployed in the 1990s. With this pattern, more number of security personnel will be deployed to protect the mountain peaks, anti-terrorism operations will be accelerated and every area will be sanitized. On the other hand, Gram Raksha Samitis will be strengthened in Jammu, their training will be improved and they will be given more equipment and information material to counter terrorist attacks.

When terrorism increased in the 1990s, how was it controlled?

Terrorism spread rapidly in Jammu and Kashmir in the late 1980s and early 1990s. During this period, many violent incidents took place, including attacks on security forces, bomb blasts and killings. The disputed status of Jammu and Kashmir and political mistrust created a chasm. The situation worsened further due to the rigging of the 1987 assembly elections. This eroded faith in the democratic process and increased support for the militants among the local people. In this situation, the Indian government deployed security forces in a particular pattern. Let us examine this pattern…

Increase in Army Deployment: A large number of military and paramilitary forces were deployed across the region, especially in areas identified as hotspots for terrorist activities. This included the Indian Army, paramilitary forces such as the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF) and local police forces. The aim was to establish control, prevent further attacks and provide security to the local population.

Establishment of Anti-Terrorism Units: Special counter-terrorism units were created to deal with the terrorists. The Rashtriya Rifles, a special force of the Indian Army, was created specifically for counter-terrorism operations in Jammu and Kashmir. Security forces conducted targeted operations to destroy terrorist groups and their infrastructure. This included search and destroy operations, cordon and search operations, and raids based on intelligence.

Coordination among Agencies: Concerted efforts were made to improve coordination between various security agencies. Joint operations were conducted and intelligence was shared to better track and neutralise terrorist threats.

Operation Sarp Vinash: One of the notable operations during this period was Operation Sarp Vinash, aimed at destroying terrorist hideouts in the Hill Kaka area of ​​the Pir Panjal Range.

Security Checkpoints: Several checkpoints were set up along roads, at entry and exit points of towns and villages, and in sensitive areas. The purpose of these checkpoints was to monitor movement, prevent the flow of arms and militants, and gather intelligence.

Patrol operations: Security forces regularly patrolled villages, towns and surrounding areas to maintain surveillance, prevent terrorist activities, and maintain contact with the local population.

Monitoring of Intelligence:
There was a strong focus on gathering and analysing intelligence to identify and track terrorist networks, anticipate their movements and plan counter-operations. Surveillance techniques such as electronic surveillance and human intelligence were also used.

Strengthening of State Police Force: Efforts were made to enhance the capabilities and qualifications of the local police force to handle law and order situations, collect intelligence, and participate in counter-terrorism operations.

Protection of critical infrastructure: Security measures were implemented to protect critical infrastructure such as power plants, communications networks, government buildings, and religious sites from terrorist attacks.

AFSPA implemented in Jammu and Kashmir

Along with this, AFSPA (Armed Forces Special Powers Act) was implemented to give special rights to the army in Jammu and Kashmir. Under this, the security forces deployed in Jammu and Kashmir were given additional rights for the process from search, raid to arrest. Due to all these efforts, terrorist activities in Jammu and Kashmir started to be curbed. After decades, terrorists have started targeting Jammu. That is, the situation of decades ago has arisen, due to which a policy is being made to take action on the old tested pattern.

Pakistan will lose again

Jammu and Kashmir Police chief RR Swain said that 'after the Kashmir Valley became relatively calm, terrorist organizations like Lashkar-e-Taiba have focused their attention on Jammu. The situation is slightly different in Jammu due to its difficult geographical location and Hindu-Muslim population in the ratio of 60:40. Reasi, where nine people were killed in firing by terrorists on a bus on Sunday, is 70 percent hilly. DGP Swain said that the terrorists hiding here got the convenience to carry out their nefarious intentions as the security forces take time to reach there. The DGP said that now there is a plan to increase deployment on the mountain peaks of Jammu to keep an eye on infiltration attempts and to crack down on the terrorists hiding there who have crossed the border from Pakistan.

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