The most severe heat since 1951, not only days but nights are also hot… know when the weather will change

Ananya Shroff
7 Min Read


New Delhi: Half of the country is burning in extreme heat. The scorching sun and heat waves during the day have already increased the problems of common people. Now the nights have also started getting very hot. According to meteorologists, this year is the hottest since 1951. The maximum impact is visible in more than 50 percent of North-West India. Statistics show that this year's severe heat has created painful conditions for millions of people across the country. At least 50 percent of North-West India, Delhi, Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan are experiencing perhaps the longest heat ever.

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A large part of the country is facing severe heat

This heat in the north, east and north-west of the country is very troublesome, because the temperature is rising abnormally even at night. Scientists of the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) are calling it 'hot nights', which is affecting the common people. Scientists and doctors say that the increased temperature during the day and night has created such conditions that the body is being affected by extreme heat. This is affecting the people the most who do not have air conditioners or coolers. This has increased further due to the non-availability of cold water.

The temperature is rising not only during the day but also at night

For example, severe heat is troubling people in many areas of Delhi. During this time, the water crisis is increasing their troubles manifold. According to the data, in more than half of northwestern India, the maximum temperature was 40 degrees Celsius or more almost every day for the last 33 days i.e. between 16 May and 17 June. This is the longest 40 degree plus temperature in most parts of Delhi, Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan since 1951. About half of Gujarat and more than a third of Uttar Pradesh are facing the most severe heat this time since 1951. 1951 is the first year for which data is available regarding heat. This shows how severe heat people are facing this time.

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Not only the maximum, but the minimum temperature is also increasing

High daytime temperatures are part of the problem, but they do not fully explain why this year's summer has been so miserable. Meteorologists are also pointing to high night temperatures. This is the time when people expect relief. IMD Director General M. Mahapatra said that the day temperature is very high. So naturally the nights are not that cold. If the maximum temperature is between 45-46 degrees Celsius, you cannot expect the night temperature to be normal. Hot nights are declared only when the maximum temperature is 40 degrees Celsius or more. It is defined based on the difference from the actual minimum temperature. Hot nights occur when the minimum temperature is 4.5 degrees Celsius to 6.4 degrees Celsius above normal.

Uff! Leave aside the day, the heat is making you restless even at night, know when we will get relief

Monsoon is also stuck in the middle, know when it will move forward

Mahesh Palawat, Vice President (Climate and Meteorology), Skymet Weather, said that nights are getting warmer these days. Monsoon has not been able to advance beyond central India since June 11, which has further increased the difficulties. Palawat said that we hope that the monsoon will gain strength in a few days, which can help in controlling the rising temperature. Meanwhile, doctors say that a huge increase is being seen in heat-related diseases and emergencies. Analysis of maximum temperature shows that the weather remained hot in most parts of the northern plains. There was not a single day when the maximum temperature went below 40 degrees Celsius in many places in Rajasthan, Haryana, northern Madhya Pradesh and southern Uttar Pradesh.

Record breaking heat in UP, Delhi-Haryana-Punjab are also scorching

Prayagraj in Uttar Pradesh experienced heatwave for six days between May 18 and May 31. There have been 14 such days this month till June 17, when the effect of heatwave was seen. The highest ever temperature of 48.8 degree Celsius was also recorded here on May 28. According to the daily heatwave data of the IMD, western Uttar Pradesh has recorded 26 heatwave days since March 2024, while eastern UP has had 22 such days. Delhi and Haryana have also recorded 23 heatwave days, most of which are in the last one month. Bathinda in Punjab and Rohtak in Haryana have been the hottest places on average in both the states. In Barmer, Rajasthan, 90 per cent of the area did not have a single day below 40 degree Celsius and the maximum temperature last month was between 45-50 degree Celsius.

Everyone is troubled by the heat even in the mountains

The Himalayas have not been spared from the scorching heat this year. On Monday, Kathua in Jammu recorded a temperature of 47.6 degrees Celsius, the highest for any place in Jammu and Kashmir. The temperature in the Jammu region has been above 40 degrees Celsius almost every day since May 18. Hill stations like Shimla and Dharamsala in Himachal Pradesh and Mussoorie and Nainital in Uttarakhand have seen temperatures above 30 degrees Celsius since May 23, while some places like Una in Himachal Pradesh and Roorkee in Uttarakhand have reached close to 45 degrees Celsius. The IMD has predicted that heatwave conditions will persist at least till June 20. A red category warning has been issued for severe heat in Uttar Pradesh till June 20. A red category warning means that local authorities need to take steps to prevent heat-related emergencies. At the same time, the average rainfall in the month of June across the country is likely to be below normal this time.

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