Swadeshi law implemented across the country from July 1, first FIR registered in Gwalior, now justice will be given in three years

Ananya Shroff
10 Min Read


New Delhi : As soon as June 30 ended, all three new laws came into force across the country from July 1, 2024. Under this, the first FIR in the country was registered in Gwalior. Where a case was registered for theft of a bike worth Rs 1.80 lakh. From now on, any crime will be registered under the new law. Whereas crimes committed before July 1 will be registered as per the old law. Even if the FIR in that case was registered on July 1 or after that.

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Work stopped in Union Territories till August 15

Under the new criminal system, work will start in all the Union Territories by August 15. Work is also going on at a fast pace at the technical level in other states. Union Home Minister Amit Shah said that the first FIR in the country under the new laws has been registered not in Delhi but in Gwalior for bike theft. The case registered against the seller in Delhi was under the old provision, which the police dismissed using the review provision. He said that after 77 years of independence of the country, today the judicial system of India has become completely indigenous. This will benefit a lot. The laws which were made by the British.

A new era of Indian criminal justice system is starting from today, forget the 163 year old IPC and CRPC

Laws that provide justice rather than punishment

He described the three new laws that came into force from July 1 as providing justice instead of punishment. He said that before making the law, every aspect of it was discussed in detail with different parties for four years. Since independence, such a long discussion has never taken place on any law. In the new laws, crimes against women and children have been given first priority.

By adding a new chapter to it, it has been made more sensitive. These three new laws will create the most modern justice system. Not only has the most modern technology been adopted in these laws, but provision has also been made to include the technology that will come in the next 50 years.

Three Criminal Laws: Forget IPC, three new laws including Indian Judicial Code have come into force from today, understand in 10 points what will change

Laws in all languages ​​of the 8th Schedule

The Home Minister said that keeping in mind the different languages ​​spoken in different states of the country, all the three laws will be available in all the languages ​​of the 8th Schedule of the country and the cases will also be conducted in the same languages. Only Hindi or English language has not been included in this. Sections have been added in the new laws according to today's time. The sections which were causing trouble to the people have been removed. In the new laws, justice will be given more priority than punishment. Instead of delay, quick hearing and justice will be given.

Deadline for completion of all processes

The new laws also set a time limit for completing all the procedures. After its full implementation, there will be no hassle of date-by-date. In any case, justice will be delivered within three years from the filing of FIR to the Supreme Court. The British sedition law has been completely abolished in the new laws. Some people are spreading the misconception that the remand time has been increased in the new laws. This is not true. The remand time in the new laws is also 15 days as before. He said that in these laws, a provision of a total of 15 days remand within 60 days has been made. The remand limit of 15 days has not been increased. Misconceptions are being spread about this.

Presswire18 TimesDon't say Shri 420, now say Shri 318, three new criminal laws will be implemented from today, know what all will change

Forensic examination is mandatory in cases involving punishment of 7 years or more

In the new laws, forensic investigation has been made mandatory in crimes punishable with seven years or more. This will expedite justice and also help in increasing the conviction rate to 90 percent. 12 thousand master trainers have been prepared to train about 22.5 lakh policemen about the new laws. Many institutions have been authorized for this and more than 23 thousand master trainers have also been trained.

Presswire18 TimesThe validity of IPC will end at 12 midnight on June 30, all three new laws will be implemented in the country as soon as they come into force from July 1

Definition of lynching

Earlier laws only protected the rights of the police, but the new laws now also have provisions to protect the rights of victims and complainants. He said that there was no provision for the crime of mob lynching in the earlier law, but mob lynching has been defined for the first time in these laws. He said that 99.9 percent of police stations across the country have been computerized. The process of creating e-records has also been started from 2019. Zero FIR, e-FIR and chargesheet will all be digital.

Presswire18 TimesZero FIR, online police complaint, videography of crime scene… know what is new in the new criminal laws
In the new laws, forensic investigation will be mandatory in crimes punishable with seven years or more. In the judiciary also, 21 thousand subordinate judiciary have been trained, 20 thousand government prosecutors have been trained. These laws were discussed for 9 hours 29 minutes in the Lok Sabha. In which 34 members participated. While in the Rajya Sabha, the discussion lasted for 6 hours 17 minutes and 40 members participated in it. He said that a lie is being spread that these laws were passed by expelling the members of Parliament. Whereas this is wrong.

Presswire18 TimesNew criminal law: Forget IPC-CrPC, BNS and BNSS across the country from July 1
He said that in 2020, letters were written to all MPs, Chief Ministers, Supreme Court and High Court judges seeking suggestions from them. The Home Secretary had sought suggestions in this regard from all IPS and district officers of the country. Shah said that he himself held review meetings of these laws 158 times. After this, they were sent to the Home Ministry committee. Where after intense discussion on them for two and a half to three months, these bills were again passed by the Cabinet with 93 changes except for some political suggestions.

Presswire18 TimesNew criminal law: First FIR registered in Bhopal at 12:05 am under the new law, case registered in this matter

Offenses committed before July 1 under the old law

Even after the new law comes into force from July 1, if any crime has happened before July 1, then its FIR will be registered under the old law IPC. Even if its investigation is going on or due to some reason its FIR could not be registered before July 1. The Union Home Ministry has clarified that any crime happening after July 1 will be registered according to the new laws.

Any crime committed before July 1 will be tried under the old law, even if the case was registered after June 30. From July 1, the Indian Penal Code (IPC) has been replaced by the Indian Justice Code (BNS), the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) has been replaced by the Indian Civil Protection Code (BNSS) and the Indian Evidence Act (IEA) has been replaced by the Indian Evidence Act (BSA). BNS has 531 sections instead of 484 sections in CrPC, BNS has 357 sections instead of 511 sections in IPC and BSA has 170 sections instead of 167 sections in IEA.

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