Spewing venom against Muslims has proved costly, be it France, Britain or Iran, the world has now started a new strategy

Ananya Shroff
11 Min Read
Spewing venom against Muslims has proved costly, be it France, Britain or Iran, the world has now started a new strategy

New Delhi: On the morning of 14 July 1789, an atmosphere of chaos arose in Paris, the capital of France. People started gathering in large numbers in front of the palace. The emperor had ordered the army to enter the city. There was a rumour that he was going to order the army to shoot at the citizens. About 7000 men and women gathered in the town hall of the palace. All of them together demolished a wall of the Bastille fort, a symbol of monarchy. Actually, in the year 1774, Louis 16th of the Bourbon dynasty took the throne in France. At that time he was only 20 years old. He was married to Austrian princess Marie Antoinette. At that time, heavy taxes were imposed on the common man to bear the expenses of the palace of France. The entire palace was immersed in luxury and people started dying of hunger. With the collapse of the Bastille wall, the foundation of the Great French Revolution was laid, which showed the world the path of democracy, freedom and equality. Today, after 235 years, the coalition of leftist parties New Popular Front (NFP) has won the maximum number of seats in the general elections held in France. This coalition did not exist till a month before the French elections. After the announcement of the elections, many parties came together to everyone's surprise and the coalition of New Popular Front won the maximum number of seats in the French Parliament.

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Did the politics of hate lead to the defeat of the right wing in France?

In the French elections, the right-wing National Rally seemed to be getting a big victory initially. But, it had to face defeat in the second phase. In fact, many members of the National Rally support German dictator Hitler. Some even gave hate speeches against Muslims and Jews during the election campaign. In view of this, the leftist and centrist parties adopted a special strategy to defeat the right wing. In the election rallies, leftist leaders said that the National Rally is spreading hatred among the people, which is against the principle of equality of the French Revolution and the Constitution.

Parties unite to stop the right wing

During the election campaign, Gabriel Attal, the leader of the centrist coalition and the country's Prime Minister, said, “We have to prevent the National Rally from reaching a majority, because if that happens, I can say that it will be a tragedy for our country.” Similarly, Francois Rufin, the leader of the far-right left-wing party LFI, said, “Today our aim is to prevent the National Rally from achieving an absolute majority.” At the same time, civil society also said that the National Rally spreads hatred against immigrants. Its leaders give hate speeches against Muslims and Jews, make racist speeches. Before moving forward, let's take a look at the graphic below, which talks about the benefits of a multiparty system.

Hindu-Muslim issue lost in India's Lok Sabha elections

Recently, during the campaign for the Lok Sabha elections in India, the issue of Hindu vs Muslim cropped up a lot. But, Indian voters rejected this issue. Due to this, the ruling party was far from getting the majority. Along with this, it also did not let the opposition get the majority. In this election, the issues of unemployment and inflation also dominated the opposition. Delhi University professor and political analyst Dr. Rajiv Ranjan Giri says that whether it is India or any other country in the world, the politics of hatred cannot go on forever. This time it can be seen that neither the Ram temple issue worked nor the hate speeches against Muslims. In any progressive country, the common man or the common voter rejects such issues. The Congress-led All India Alliance united all the parties against Narendra Modi's BJP and prevented them from coming to power with an absolute majority.

Rajiv Ranjan Giri

Interference of Communist parties in Nepal's politics

In Nepal's politics, Maoist leader and Prime Minister Pushpa Dahal Kamal Prachanda's party Maoist Center has joined hands with former Prime Minister KP Oli's party Unified Marxist Leninist (UML). With this, communist parties have once again come together in Nepal's politics. Earlier in February last year, Prachanda and Oli's party had broken the alliance.

Presswire18 TimesThe leftist alliance in France surprised everyone by winning the most seats, there was chaos in the country, know who will become the new Prime Minister

Fundamentalism was defeated in Iran, reformists won

Recently, the reins of Iran have passed from a radical and anti-Western president to a reformist president. This change has happened in less than 50 years. Masoud Pezeshkian has been elected President of Iran. Masoud was the Health Minister under the rule of the reformist president 19 years ago. In the presidential elections held after that, the reformists had to face continuous sanctions.

Liberals also won the UK election

The Conservative Party has suffered a major setback in the UK elections. Rishi Sunak of Indian origin has lost the election. However, during the election he was seen trying to woo the Indian voters settled in Britain. He also started calling himself a Hindu, but even after this the Indians rejected him. In fact, Sunak's luxurious life and absurd statements made him lose the British elections.

The world is swinging between fundamentalism and reformism

Professor Devnath Pathak of South Asian University, New Delhi says that society ultimately wants coordination. This idea was confirmed in the 18th century on the soil of France. There was tremendous upheaval in society after the French Revolution. The philosophers and political thinkers of that era also felt that a coordinated structure is necessary to create order in society. Many modern social scientists coined a new social science after the French Revolution, whose aim was to create a coordinated society. Not just an ideological revolution, but the need for social harmony, cordiality and peace was understood.

Radicalism and liberalism should always co-exist in society

According to Devnath Pathak, today when reformism is emerging against right-wing politics in many parts of the world, it is not surprising. Both radicalism and liberalism have always coexisted in society. Sometimes one side is strong, sometimes the other. And through political change, society always strives for harmony in which both sides cooperate with each other. Something similar happened in leftist Soviet Russia. Russian society also suffered the radicalism of the Soviet leftists who called themselves progressive. In response to that, another kind of radicalism arose there, which came to be known as a kind of reformism. As soon as the right opportunity comes, Russian citizens will again look for a new option.

Dr.Devnath Pathak

The search for an alternative to Islamic rule continues in Iran

If such a wind of change blows in South Asian countries, it will not be a new thing. Something similar can be seen in Nepal as well, where the leftists fought a long battle against the monarchy. Nepal also got a chance for its kind of liberal politics. But even now the social system is looking for some other option in which social harmony gets an edge. In Iran too, the society is looking for an alternative to Islamic rule there. During the Iranian Revolution of 1979, the society there had found an alternative to the monarchy, under which the rule of religious priests had begun. However, Iran's Islamic rule also remained far from the idea of ​​harmony.

How did leftism and rightism come into politics?

In 1789 members of the French National Assembly gathered to draft a constitution. They were debating how much power King Louis XVI would have. The debate became heated, and the anti-monarchist revolutionaries gathered to the left of the presiding officer, while the conservative aristocratic supporters gathered to the right. In 1790 newspapers began referring to the French National Assembly as having a progressive left wing and a conservative right wing.

Presswire18 TimesWho is Masoud Pezeshkian who won the presidential election in Iran, what will be the impact of the change on relations with India?

Napoleon abolished these distinctions, which were later used again

These distinctions were lost during the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte. In 1791 the French National Assembly became the French Legislative Assembly. The innovators sat on the left, the liberals in the centre and the conscientious defenders of the constitution sat on the right and this arrangement continued until 1792. In 1848 the terms 'democratic socialist' and 'reactionary' began to be used by people to show their party allegiance. This is where the terms left and right began to be used around the world.

What is the difference between left wing and right wing politics?

The fundamental difference between left-wing and right-wing politics is that while the left-wing emphasizes equality, freedom, rights, progress, and reform, the right-wing emphasizes duty, hierarchy, authority, order, tradition, and nationalism.

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