NCERT's political science books have changed, from Ayodhya to Godhra… these 8 big changes have happened

Orhan Wadia
Orhan Wadia - Editor
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Ayodhya dispute in NCERT book: What changed?

Recently, NCERT wrote on its website, 'The content has been updated in view of the new changes in politics. After the decision of the Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court and its reception, the things written on the Ayodhya case have been completely changed.' The mention of Babri Masjid demolition and Hindutva has been removed from NCERT's 12th class political science book.

Earlier, the Ayodhya dispute section talked about the demolition of the disputed structure in Ayodhya in December 1992 and its impact on Indian politics, nationalism and secularism. Now, the new book writes that the centuries-old legal and political dispute over the Ram Janmabhoomi temple influenced Indian politics, resulting in the construction of Ram Mandir in Ayodhya after the Supreme Court verdict on November 9, 2019.

Chapter 1: Challenges of Nation Building, page 10

The previous book said that thousands of women from both sides of the border were abducted, forcibly converted, married and sometimes killed by their families for 'family honour'. The new version removes the phrase 'from both sides of the border' and makes it more general.

Chapter 3: The Politics of Planned Development, page 46

Chapter 3: The Politics of Planned Development, page 46

Earlier 'Leftism' meant people who supported the poor and government policies in their interest. But in the current edition, the meaning of 'Leftism' has changed. In the new book, 'Leftism' means those who want government control over the economy instead of open competition.

Chapter 7: Regional Aspiration, page 119

Chapter 7: Regional Aspiration, page 119

The previous book said that Pakistan calls the disputed region 'Azad Pakistan' while India considers it an illegally occupied territory. The new version says that India calls the region Pakistan Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (POJK), which is in line with the Indian government's latest stance.

Chapter 8: Recent Developments in Indian Politics, page 136

Chapter 8: Recent Developments in Indian Politics, page 136

In the previous book, questions were raised on the political use of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement and the Babri Masjid demolition. In the new edition, the focus is only on the Ram Janmabhoomi movement.

Chapter 8: Recent Developments in Indian Politics, page 139

Chapter 8: Recent Developments in Indian Politics, page 139

The previous book discussed the demolition of the Babri Masjid and its impact on Indian politics. The new edition highlights the impact of the Ram Janmabhoomi temple dispute on Indian politics, which culminated in the construction of the Ram temple following the Supreme Court verdict in 2019.

Changes in NCERT Political Science Class 11 book too

Changes in NCERT Political Science Class 11 book too

Secularism had written on page 112 that more than 1,000 people, mostly Muslims, were killed in the riots that broke out in Gujarat after the Godhra incident in 2002. Now the new book says that more than 1,000 people were killed in the riots. It emphasizes that people of all communities suffer in any riot.

Changes in NCERT Class 11 Political Science book

Changes in NCERT Class 11 Political Science book

Chapter 8- Secularism, page 117 earlier stated that Nehru had described the communalism of the majority community as a threat to national unity. The new edition has removed the mention of national unity and focuses only on Nehru's criticism of communalism.

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