Muslim population increased rapidly in the border states of UP, Bengal and Assam, why did the organizer advocate a new population policy

Ananya Shroff
10 Min Read


New Delhi: Organiser Weekly, the mouthpiece of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), has said that the population of Muslims is increasing in the border areas of India. In such a situation, a comprehensive national population control policy is needed. The editorial of the mouthpiece said that the population is increasing unnaturally due to illegal migration across the borders in border states like West Bengal, Bihar, Assam and Uttarakhand. On the occasion of World Population Day, we will know whether these claims are correct? What is the situation in UP, Bengal and Assam?

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PM's council report also talks about the increase in Muslim population

Before the recent Lok Sabha elections, a report was released, which was discussed a lot during the elections. It said that between 1950 and 2015, the population of Hindus in India has decreased by 7.82 percent. During the same period, the population of Muslims has increased by 43.15 percent. The process of decreasing population of Hindus has also been seen in neighboring Hindu-dominated Nepal. Also, the population of majority Buddhists in Myanmar has declined. The Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council has given this report after studying the demographic changes that took place between 1950 and 2015 in 167 countries. In these countries, those whose population is more than 75 percent are considered majority.

Religious, regional imbalance due to increasing Muslim population… fear of political conflict, advocated national population policy in RSS mouthpiece Organiser

In 38 Muslim-majority countries, the Muslim population increased, while the majority population decreased

According to the report, the population of the majority in these countries has decreased by 22 percent in 65 years. But this trend does not apply to Muslim-majority countries. The Muslim population has increased in 38 Muslim-majority countries.

In Uttar Pradesh, the population of Muslims increased by 32% in areas bordering Nepal

The 2022 report of UP and Assam Police sent to the Home Ministry states that the Muslim population is increasing in the areas near the international border in UP and Assam. It says about 7 districts including Pilibhit, Lakhimpur Kheri, Maharajganj, Balrampur and Bahraich bordering Nepal in UP, where the Muslim population has increased by 32% in the last 10 years.

Muslim Population

Muslim population increased by 20 percent more than normal

UP and Assam police reports show that the Muslim population in border districts has increased by 32% as compared to 2011. Whereas, in the whole country this change is between 10% to 15%. That is, the Muslim population has increased by 20% more than normal.

BSF's jurisdiction should be up to 100 km

These reports also said that security agencies and state police have considered these changes in population as sensitive for national security. In such a situation, the jurisdiction of the Border Security Force (BSF) should be increased from 50 km to 100 km, so that it can speed up investigation and search operations in these areas.

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Muslim population increased by 50 percent in 116 villages

The report says that the population of Muslims in five districts of UP bordering Nepal, namely Pilibhit, Lakhimpur Kheri, Maharajganj, Balrampur and Bahraich, has increased by more than 20 percent as compared to the national average estimate of 2011. There are more than 1000 villages in these districts. Out of these, the population of Muslims in 116 villages has now increased to more than 50 percent. There are a total of 303 villages where the population of Muslims is between 30 to 50 percent.

There is also an increase in mosques and madrasas in the border districts of UP

There has been a 25% increase in the number of mosques and madrasas in these border districts of UP from April 2018 to March 2022. There were a total of 1,349 mosques and madrasas in the border districts in 2018, which has now increased to 1,688.

For what reasons is the population increasing, is it infiltration?

Police reports of both the states give this reason behind the increase in the population of Muslims. Infiltration in the border areas has been going on for a long time. Most of the people coming from outside are Muslims. The Chief Minister of Assam has also admitted the infiltration from the border in the Supreme Court.

32% increase in Muslim population in border districts of Assam

The Muslim population in Assam's Dhuwari, Karimganj, South Salmara and Cachar districts bordering Bangladesh has increased by 32%. According to the national average estimate of the 2011 census, the population growth should have been 12.5% ​​and according to the state level estimate it should have been 13.5%. The sudden increase in the Muslim population in the border districts may seem normal to many people. It has been said that this may also be a conspiracy of Pakistan and China.

Fertility rate in UP is higher than the national average

Fertility rate means how many children a woman of a group, state or country is giving birth to on average in her lifetime. If the fertility rate of a country is 3, then the women of that country are giving birth to an average of 3 children in their lifetime. States including Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, West Bengal, where the Muslim population is more than 20%, also have a fertility rate of less than 1.8. Here every 10 women are giving birth to an average of 18 children in their lifetime. UP is an exception in this case, where this rate is 2.4.

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Hindu population decreased in Bengal, Muslim population increased

According to the 2011 census, the Hindu population in the whole country has declined by 0.7 percent. While the Hindu population in West Bengal has declined by 1.94 percent. At the same time, the Muslim population in the whole country has increased by 0.8 percent. While during this period the Muslim population has increased to 1.77 percent, which is a significant increase. These figures are in comparison to the 2011 census. In Bengal, the Muslim population was 25 percent in 2001, which increased to more than 27 percent in 2011. Today, out of Bengal's population of 9.5 crore, about 2.5 crore are Muslims.

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In these districts of Bengal, Muslim population is more than Hindus

According to the 2011 census, the Muslim population in Murshidabad in Bengal is about 47 lakhs, while the Hindus are 23 lakhs. In Malda, the Muslim population is 20 lakhs, while the Hindus are 19 lakhs. In North Dinajpur, the Muslim population is 15 lakhs, while the Hindus are 14 lakhs.

Muslim population in Bengal's Murshidabad increased to 75 percent

Murshidabad, which was once the capital of Bengal, is now a Muslim-majority area. According to the 2011 census, the total Muslim population here has increased to 66.27 percent, while the Hindu population remains at 33.21 percent.

The second population policy was brought in the Atal government

The new National Population Policy in India was proposed in the year 2000 during the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government. This is the second population policy of the central government. The immediate objective of curbing population growth included things like meeting the unmet needs of contraception, healthcare infrastructure and health workers and providing integrated services for basic reproductive and child health care. At the same time, the medium-term objective was to reduce the total fertility rate (TFR) to replacement level by 2010. This total fertility rate was to be 2.1 children per woman. At the same time, the long-term objective is to achieve a stable population by 2045, which is in line with the needs of sustainable economic development, social development and environmental protection. But, no government has yet implemented it strictly.

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