Measles Spread: 5 At-Home Tips to Prevent Household Transmission

Ronit Kawale
Ronit Kawale - Senior Editor
3 Min Read

Measles infections are witnessing a surge, leading to two reported deaths. Here are some crucial steps to protect yourself and your family.

The incidence of measles infection is once again on the rise in India. On February 19, the Madhya Pradesh (MP) health department reported two suspected measles-related deaths of children and 17 infections. Measles, a highly contagious viral infection, has raised significant concerns, prompting the deployment of medical teams by the MP health department to investigate and contain the spread.

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Measles has long been a serious concern in India and European countries. In 2023, Europe experienced a sharp spike in cases, with over 58,000 people infected and at least 10 deaths, as reported by the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Common and Uncommon Symptoms of Measles

Measles typically begins in the respiratory system and then spreads throughout the body. While most cases have mild symptoms, severe cases can occur, and in some instances, it may lead to death.

Common Symptoms of Measles:

  • High fever
  • Widespread rash on the body, starting from the head
  • Cough
  • Red eyes
  • Sore throat
  • Runny nose
  • White spots inside the mouth

These symptoms may initially appear in one area and then spread throughout the body. While children are more susceptible to measles, adults who have not been previously infected can also contract the disease.

Who Is at High Risk?

Certain individuals are at a higher risk:

  • Unvaccinated individuals are more susceptible, especially if in contact with an infected person.
  • International travelers face an increased risk due to exposure to large crowds.
  • Vitamin A deficiency can heighten vulnerability, leading to complications and severe symptoms.

Tips to Prevent Measles Spread in the Household

Follow these crucial tips to prevent the spread of measles in your household:

  1. Ensure Vaccination: Ensure that every family member has received the MMR vaccine, offering the most effective protection against measles. According to the CDC, this vaccine provides a 97 percent chance of preventing measles infection. Children should receive two doses of the vaccine.
  2. Quarantine Procedures: If an infection occurs despite vaccination, the infected individual should be quarantined until symptoms have completely subsided.
  3. Avoid Crowded Places: Refrain from traveling to crowded places during an outbreak, reducing the risk of exposure.
  4. Early Detection: Be vigilant for symptoms, allowing for early detection and prompt action.
  5. Hygiene Practices: Maintain proper hygiene by frequent handwashing, sanitizing, and avoiding contact with objects used by the infected person.

As measles infections continue to rise, these preventive measures are crucial in safeguarding your family and preventing further transmission.

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