Mangalyaan-2: India's 'helicopter' will land on Mars, after Chandrayaan-2, now it is the turn of ISRO's Mangalyaan-2

Ananya Shroff
5 Min Read

New Delhi: After the success of Chandrayaan and Mangalyaan, the Indian Space Agency ISRO is now preparing to return to Mars. ISRO has already successfully completed Mission Mangalyaan. Through the Mangalyaan-2 mission, ISRO studied the orbit of Mars. With the next mission to Mars, ISRO will explore more mysteries of the red planet. The goal of this mission is to land a rover and a helicopter on the surface of Mars. The model of this mission was displayed at the Space Application Center on the occasion of National Technology Day. If this mission is successful, then India will become the third country to land a spacecraft on Mars after America and China.

India will land on Mars with special technology

Under the Mangalyaan-2 mission, ISRO's rover will land on the surface in a new way. Instead of old methods like airbags and ramps, ISRO will slowly lower the rover to the surface of Mars with the help of a special 'sky crane'. This advanced sky crane technology will ensure that the rover lands safely and at the right place, no matter how rough the surface is. This technology can perhaps also be used to land humans on Mars in the coming twenty years.

A supersonic parachute is being made for the mission

A supersonic parachute is also being made for this mission. The atmosphere of Mars is only 1% denser than the Earth's atmosphere, so normal parachutes do not work there. This supersonic parachute will open at a very high speed, allowing the rover to reduce its landing speed quickly. This will also reduce the friction generated when it hits the ground and the rover will be able to land safely. The US also used a similar parachute to land its rover on Mars in 2021.

ISRO's helicopter on Mars!

The most special part of Mission Mangalyaan will be its helicopter. This is a special kind of helicopter, which is being prepared to fly in an environment like Mars. This special machine named 'Martian Boundary Layer Explorer' (MarBLE) will carry scientific equipment to study the atmosphere of Mars during a flight of 100 meters. If it is successful, then after America's Ingenuity helicopter, India will become the second country to fly a helicopter on Mars and will leave China behind in this race.

Communication satellite will be sent before the mission

ISRO plans to launch a relay communication satellite before the main mission to maintain constant contact with the rover and helicopter. This satellite will act as a vital link between Mars and Earth, ensuring a continuous flow of data and mission control. Mangalyaan-2 will be launched using ISRO's most powerful rocket to date, the Mars Launch Vehicle Mark-III (LVM3). Mars is about 225 million kilometers away from Earth and it will take a long journey of several months to reach there.

Could Mars become the next home for humans?

America, China and now India are preparing to send their space missions to Mars. Space scientists believe that Mars can be the next home of humans in the future. The environment there is suitable for human habitation to a large extent. This is the reason why space agencies around the world are focusing on Mars. Mars is a very special planet in itself. It is also known as the Red Planet. In summer, the temperature of Mars remains up to 20 degrees, while in winter this temperature reaches minus 73 degrees. So far, all space agencies have sent more than 50 missions to Mars, out of which less than half have been successful. The Mangalyaan-2 mission strengthens India's position as a space power. By 2050, Mars can become the new home of humans and India is ready to play an important role in this journey.

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