Forget IPC, three new laws including Indian Judicial Code come into force from today, understand in 10 points what will change

Ananya Shroff
6 Min Read
Forget IPC, three new laws including Indian Judicial Code come into force from today, understand in 10 points what will change

New Delhi: Today is 1st July…from today the language of law is going to change across the country. Three new criminal laws will be implemented. After the implementation of these new laws, there will be extensive changes in the criminal justice system and the laws of the British era will be bid farewell. The Indian Judicial Code, Indian Civil Protection Code and Indian Evidence Act will replace the British era Indian Penal Code, Criminal Procedure Code and Indian Evidence Act. The first FIR under these new laws was also registered in Delhi on Monday morning. After the implementation of the new law, access to police will become easier for the common people. The entire system will be online. What major changes will happen in your life after the implementation of the new criminal law? Understand in 10 points.1. The new laws will establish a modern justice system which will include provisions like 'Zero FIR', filing complaints with the police online, electronic means like sending summons through 'SMS' (message on mobile phone) and mandatory videography of the scene of crime for all heinous crimes. Apart from this, women, people below fifteen years of age, people above 60 years of age and people suffering from disabilities or serious diseases will be exempted from coming to the police station and they will be able to get police assistance at their place of residence. Under the new laws, now any person will be able to register an incident through electronic means without going to the police station. This will make filing a case easier and faster and prompt action can be taken by the police.

2. Under the new law, the verdict in criminal cases will be pronounced within 45 days of the completion of the trial and charges will be framed within 60 days of the first hearing. The statement of the rape victim will be recorded by a woman police officer in the presence of her guardian or relative and the medical report will have to be submitted within seven days.

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3. The new law defines organised crime and terrorist acts, replaces treason with sedition, and makes videography of all search and seizure operations mandatory.

4. A new chapter has been added on crimes against women and children, child trafficking has been made a heinous crime and provision of death penalty or life imprisonment has been added for gang rape of a minor. The new laws give priority to the investigation of crimes against women and children so that the investigation is completed within two months of filing the case. Under the new laws, victims will have the right to get regular information on the progress of their case within 90 days. Apart from this, victims of crimes against women and children will be provided free first aid or treatment in all hospitals. This provision ensures that the victim gets the necessary medical facility immediately.

5. Cases of false promise of marriage, rape of a minor, mob lynching, snatching etc. are registered but the existing Indian Penal Code has no specific provision to deal with such incidents.

With 'Zero FIR', now any person can register an FIR in any police station, even if the crime has not occurred in its jurisdiction. This will eliminate the delay in initiating legal proceedings and the case can be registered immediately.

7. Another interesting aspect of the new law is that in case of arrest, a person has been given the right to inform any person of his choice about his condition. This will enable the arrested person to get immediate help.

8. In addition, details of arrests will be prominently displayed at police stations and district headquarters so that the family and friends of the arrested person can easily access important information. Both the accused and the victim will now have the right to receive FIR, police report, chargesheet, statements, confessions and other documents within 14 days. Courts can adjourn the hearing a maximum of two times to avoid unnecessary delay in hearing the case and provide timely justice.


9. The new law makes it mandatory for all State Governments to implement a Witness Protection Scheme to ensure the safety and cooperation of witnesses and to enhance the credibility and effectiveness of the legal process.

10. The definition of 'gender' now includes transgenders, which will promote inclusivity and equality. To provide greater protection to the victim and promote transparency in rape crime investigation, the victim's statement will be recorded by the police through audio-video medium.

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