Don't say Shri 420, now say Shri 318, three new criminal laws will be implemented from today, know what all will change

Ananya Shroff
5 Min Read

New Delhi : Raj Kapoor's film Shree 420 became very famous. Even today people like it. Just think, if this film was made now, would it have been named Shree 420? Probably not. It would have been named Shree 318! Actually, there is a provision of punishment under section 420 in IPC for fraud and forgery. Now the order of sections of the law related to fraud has changed. In the new Indian Justice Code, section 318 will be applicable against those who commit fraud and forgery. That means now it will not be right to call any fraudster or cheater 420.IPC has been changed to Indian Judicial Code
Similarly, the numbers of every section including murder, rape, robbery, theft have changed in the Indian Penal Code. In the Indian Penal Code, section 302 of IPC has been changed to section 103. Similarly, many changes have been made and now from July 1, cases will be registered under the changed law and the case will be run accordingly. But, the cases already registered and their hearing will continue as before. With the change in the criminal law, the Indian Penal Code will replace the IPC, the Indian Civil Defense Code will replace the CrPC and the Indian Evidence Act will be replaced by the Indian Evidence Act. Sedition has not found a place in the new law, but the Terror Act, Organized Crime have been included in the Indian Penal Code. The current IPC has 511 sections while the new law i.e. BNS has 357 sections. About 475 such words have been removed, which include London Gazette, Jury, Har Honeys, etc. A separate provision has been made for mob lynching and in case of death, death penalty has been provided. In the new law, having physical relations by promising marriage has been made a separate crime, taking it out of the scope of rape. Also, death penalty has been provided for raping a girl up to 12 years of age. While the new laws have made a provision to ensure that the victims get justice as soon as possible, cases can be filed in the country against underworld dons and gangsters like Dawood Ibrahim who have fled abroad after committing crimes in the country. The law has also been made victim-centric.

What will happen after the new law comes into force from July 1?

  • Legal expert and Delhi High Court standing counsel Sanjay Law says that after July 1, when the law comes into force, a new FIR will be registered under the new law and court proceedings will also be conducted accordingly.
  • Advocate Sanjay Law explains that lawyers, police and judges will have to keep an eye on both laws. Because, the cases registered till June 30, which are in crores in courts across the country, will be heard under the old law. The cases registered under the new law will be heard under the new legal process. In such a situation, we will have to keep a grip on both the laws.
  • Supreme Court advocate Virag Gupta explains that since this matter is from the concurrent list, a lot will depend on the states in terms of implementing this law. Law and order is a state subject, so the states will have to implement it.
  • There is also a controversy over the language of the law. Tamil Nadu CM Stalin has raised questions over the use of Hindi and Sanskrit words. A petition has also been filed in the Supreme Court regarding this and it has been said that this is a violation of Article 348 of the Constitution.
  • Advocate Naveen Sharma says that with the new law replacing the old IPC, lawyers will have to read everything afresh, but when the new law comes into force, it will be applicable only to the current case, the old cases will run under the current law. According to the rule, whenever there is a change in the law, it is for future cases and it has no retrospective effect.

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