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Ananya Shroff
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What Is Basal Cell Carcinoma

People are usually aware of skin cancer, but hardly anyone has heard about basal cell carcinoma. Basal cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer. It often occurs on parts of the skin that are more exposed to the sun's rays. If your skin is brown or black, it may look like a bump on your face.

Photo Credit: Freepik

what do basal cells do

The outer layer of basal cells is called the epidermis. These are the fine cells on the layer of our skin that you can see or touch. These cells replicate themselves and form new cells. When the basal cells form new cells, the old skin cells move to the outer layer of the skin. When these cells reach here, they die and cancer develops.

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Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma

Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma

This skin cancer looks like a shiny rash on the skin.

Brown, black, or blue lesions on the skin

Appearance of boils, pimples and scaly patches on the skin

Wax-like mark

lump-like appearance

Pain and itching in the lump

An ulcer may also form in the lump

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Men are at greater risk than women

Men are at greater risk than women

Basal cell carcinoma can happen to people of any age. But a study published in the Indian Journal of Dermatology Study According to the WHO, this disease is more common in men. Men over the age of 50 often suffer from this disease. People with fair skin and light-colored eyes are at a higher risk of BCC. Especially people who have already had BCC are at a higher risk of developing non-melanoma skin cancer in the future.

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This cancer can occur at these places on the face

This cancer can occur at these places on the face

Since the disease is caused by sun exposure, basal cell carcinoma can affect the face, scalp, nose, legs, eyelids, ears, and elbows.

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can attack bones

can attack bones

If it is not treated as soon as possible, the size of this cancer starts increasing slowly. It silently attacks your bones, muscles and cartilage, causing pain as well as increasing the risk of bleeding and infection.

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Tips to prevent basal cell carcinoma

Tips to prevent basal cell carcinoma

Do not go out of the house between 10 am and 4 pm.
Use sunscreen with SPF 30 or more when going out.
Reattach the screen every two hours.
Use sunglasses.
Have a skin test done every year.
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Disclaimer: This article is for general information only. It cannot in any way be a substitute for any medicine or treatment. Always contact your doctor for more information.

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